|The History of Volleyball
|Southside Swarm Volleyball Club, Inc. - A Non-Profit organization
The sport of Volleyball began in the USA, and is only now reaching the type of popularity in the United States that it has received on
a world wide basis, the game only ranks behind soccer as the world's most popular participant sport. There are more than 46
million Americans who play competitive or recreational volleyball. There are eight-hundred million players worldwide who play the
game on a regular basis. In the USA alone, there were more than 172,000 volleyball-related injuries that were treated in hospitals,
doctors’ offices, clinics, ambulatory surgery centers and hospital emergency rooms according to the U.S. Consumer Safety Product
In 1895, William Morgan, an instructor at the Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) in Holyoke, Massachusetts, decided to
combine elements of the games of baseball, tennis, basketball and handball to invent a game for his classes of businessmen who
wanted to pay a sport with less physical contact than basketball.
He devised the game of Minonette, later to be called Volleyball. Morgan adapted the net from tennis, and raised it six feet six
inches above the floor, just above the average man's head.
During a demonstration game, someone said to Morgan that the players seemed to be volleying the ball back and forth over the net,
and perhaps "volleyball" would be a more apt name for the game.
1900 - a special ball was designed for the sport.
1916 - in the Philippines, an offensive style of passing the ball in a high trajectory to be struck by another player (the set and spike)
1917 - the number of points was changed from twenty-one to fifteen.
1920 - 3 hits per side and back row attack rules were instituted.
1922 - the 1st YMCA national championships were held in Brooklyn, NY. twenty-seven teams from eleven states were represented.
1928 - it became clear that tournaments and rules were needed, the United States Volleyball Association (USVBA, now USA
Volleyball) was formed. The first U.S. Open was staged, as the field was open to non-YMCA squads.
1930 - the first 2-man beach game was played.
1934 - the recognition and approval of national volleyball referees.
1937 - at the AAU convention in Boston, action was taken to recognize the United States. Volleyball Association as the official
national governing body in the U.S.A.
1947 - the Federation Internationale De Volley-Ball (FIVB) was founded.
1948 - the 1st two-man beach tournament was held.
1949 - the 1st World Championships were held in Prague, Czechoslovakia.
1964 - Volleyball was introduced as a sport to the Olympic Games in Tokyo.
1965 - the California Beach Volleyball Association (CBVA) was formed.
1974 - the World Championships in Mexico were televised in Japan.
1975 - the US National Women's team began a year-round training regime in Pasadena, Texas (moved to Colorado Springs
in 1979, Coto de Caza and Fountain Valley, CA in 1980, and San Diego, CA in 1985).
1977 - the United States National Men's team began a year-long training regime in Dayton, Ohio (moved to San Diego, CA in
1983 - the Association of Volleyball Professionals (AVP) was formed.
1984 - the United States won their 1st medals at the Olympics in Los Angeles. The Men won the Gold, and the Women the Silver.
1986 - the Women's Professional Volleyball Association (WPVA) was formed.
1988 - the United States Men repeated the Gold in the Olympics in Korea.
1990 - the World League was formed.
1995 - the sport of Volleyball was one-hundred years old!
1996 - 2-person beach volleyball will be an Olympic Sport.
Volleyball (originally called Minonette) is now officially 117 years old!